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高考英语倒装句讲解及考点总结
日期【2019-04-09 11:49】 共阅:【】次
高考英语倒装句讲解及考点总结 
1.完全倒装   含义:将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。   此结构通常只用于一般现在时和一般过去时。   句子须用完全倒装的情况。   1)表示方式或方位的副词或介词短语放在句首。   如:here,there,now,then,up,down,in,away,off,intheroom,onthewall等   Thencamethechairman.   Southoftheriverliesasmallfactory.   Outrushedthechildren.   Aheadsatanoldwoman.   2)such置于句首时,此时such多被认为是表语。   Sucharethefacts;noonecandenythem.   注意:上述完全倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。   2.部分倒装   含义:将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态至主语之前。   如果句子的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do,does或did,并将其置于主语之前。   1)句子须用部分倒装的两种情况   ①only修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句,且放在句首时。   OnlyinthiswaycanyoulearnEnglishwell.只有这样,你才能学好英语。   Onlyafterhavingbeenaskedthreetimesdidhecometothemeeting.被叫了3次之后,他才来开会。   Onlywhenheisseriouslyilldoesheeverstayinbed.病得狠重时,他才卧床休息。   注意:如果句子为主从复合句,则主句倒装,从句不倒装。   ②句首为否定或半否定的词语,如no,not,never,seldom,little,hardly,atnotime,innoway,notuntil…等。   NeverhaveIseensuchaperformance.从未见过如此糟糕的表演。   Nowherewillyoufindtheanswertothisquestion.无论如何你不会找到这个问题的答案的。   2)使用部分倒装的七个重要句型   ①so+助动词/情态动词/be+主语:表示主语也是如此。   TomcanspeakFrench.SocanJack.汤姆会讲法语,杰克也会。   注意:so+主语+助动词/情态动词/be:表示主语确实如此。   ---It'sraininghard.雨下得真大。   ---Soitis.是呀。   ②neither,nor+助动词/情态动词/be+主语:表示主语也不这样。   Ifyouwon'tgo,neitherwillI.你不去,我也不去。   ③Neither...nor...既不......也不......   NeitherwillIgotothepark,norwillIgoshoppingtomorrow.Ijustwanttostayathome.明天我既不去公园,也不去购物。我只想呆在家里。   ④Not...until...直到......才......   Notuntilthechildfellasleepdidthemotherleavetheroom.母亲一直到孩子入睡后离开房间。   注意:Itwasnotuntilthechildfellasleepthatmotherlefttheroom.(因为句首是it,所以不用倒装。)   ⑤Notonly…butalso...   Notonlydidherefusethegift,healsoseverelycriticizedthesender.他没有收下礼物,还狠狠批评了送礼的人。   ⑥so…that...句型中的so位于句首时   Sofrightenedwashethathedidnotdaretomoveaninch.他害怕得很,动也不敢动。   ⑦Hardly…when...,Nosooner…than...   Hardlyhadshegoneoutwhenastudentcametovisither.她刚出门,就有个学生来访。   Nosoonerhadshegoneoutthanastudentcametovisither.她刚出门,就有个学生来访。   3.形式倒装   用于as和though引导的让步状语从句中。   as引导的让步状语从句必须形式倒装;though引导的让步状语从句可以形式倒装,也可以用正常语序。   三种形式倒装   1)省略冠词的表语提前。   Childasheis,heknowsalot.尽管他是个孩子,但他知道很多。   2)当让步状语从句不是主系表结构式,程度状语提到句首。   Hardashewilltry,heneverseemsabletodotheworksatisfactorily.他工作很努力,但总不能让人满意。   3)当让步状语从句不是主系表结构式,并且也不含程度状语时,须将谓语动词的动词原形提到句首。   Searchaswedidtheroomeverywhere,wefoundnothing.虽然我们搜遍了整个房间,但是我们什么也没找到。 
 
Explanation of English Inverted Sentences in College Entrance Examination and Summary of Examination Points
1. Complete inversion: put all the predicate verbs in the sentence before the subject. This structure is usually used only in the present tense and the past tense. Sentences must be inverted completely. 1) Put adverbs or prepositional phrases expressing ways or directions at the beginning of a sentence. Such as: here, there, now, then, up, down, in, away, off, intheroom, onthewall, etc. Thencamethechairman. Southoftheriverliesasmallfactory. Outrushedthechildren. Ahead satanoldwoman. 2) such is put at the beginning of the sentence, at this time, such is often considered as a predicate. Note: The subject of the complete inversion sentence structure mentioned above must be a noun, but it cannot be inverted completely if the subject is a personal pronoun. 2. Partial inversion: to put a part of a predicate, such as an auxiliary verb or modality, before the subject. If there are no auxiliary verbs or modal verbs in the predicate of a sentence, the auxiliary verbs do, do or did need to be added and placed before the subject. 1) Sentences should be partially inverted in two situations: (1) Only modifies adverbs, prepositional phrases or adverbial clauses and places them at the beginning of the sentence. Only in this way can you learn English well. Only after being called three times did he come to the meeting. Onlywhenheisserious lyilldoesheeverstayinbed. When he was seriously ill, he was confined to bed. Note: If the main clause is a compound clause, then the main clause is inverted and the subordinate clause is not inverted. (2) Negative or semi-negative words such as no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at notime, innoway, not until. And so on. Neverhave Iseensuchaperformance. Never seen such a bad performance. Nowhere will you find the theanswertothisquestion. You won't find the answer to this question anyway. 2) Seven important sentence patterns with partial inversion are used: (1) so + auxiliary verb / modal verb / be + subject: the same is true for the subject. Tom can speak French. Socan Jack. Tom can speak French, so can Jack. Note: so + subject + auxiliary verb / modal verb / be: means that the subject does. It's raining hard. It's raining hard. Soitis. Yeah. (2) neither, nor + auxiliary verb / modal verb / be + subject: the subject is not the same. If you won't go, neither will I. If you don't go, neither will I.  Neither... nor... neither... nor... Neither will Igotothe park, nor will Igoshoppingtomorrow. I just wanttostayathome. Tomorrow I will neither go to the park nor go shopping. I just want to stay at home. (4) Not until.... until............. Not until the child fella sleep did the other child vetheroom. The mother left the room until the child fell asleep. Note: I Twas not untill the child fella sleep hath the other side of the theroom. (Because the sentence begins with it, so don't flip it.) Notonly... But also... Notonlydidherefusethegift, healsoseverelycriticizedthesender. He didn't accept the gift and criticized the giver severely. So... Sofrightened nedwashe that did not dare to move eaninch. He was afraid and did not dare to move. Hardly... When, Nosooner... Hardly had she goneout whenastudentcametovisither. As soon as she went out, a student came to visit her.  Nosooner had shegoneoutthanastudentcametovisither. As soon as she went out, a student came to visit her. 3. Formal inversion is used in as and though-guided adverbial clauses of concession. As-guided adverbial clauses of concession must be inverted in form; though-guided adverbial clauses of concession can be inverted in form or in normal word order. Three forms of inversion: 1) The expression of omitting articles is ahead of time. Childasheis, he knowsalot. Although he is a child, he knows a lot. 2) When the adverbial clause of concession is not a principal structure, the adverbial of degree refers to the beginning of the sentence. Hardashewilltry, heneverseemsabletodotheworksatisfactorily. He works hard, but never satisfies. 3) When the adverbial clause of concession is not a principal structure and does not contain adverbial of degree, the verb prototype of the predicate verb should be mentioned at the beginning of the sentence. Search as we did theroom very much where, we found nothing. Although we searched the whole room, we found nothing.
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